3. In accordance with Article 2(2) of this Agreement, appropriate arrangements concerning the safety of ships under vessels shall be concluded by mutual agreement between the respective authorities of the United States Navy and the Spanish Navy. Governments are increasingly turning to CADs to enhance their military capabilities. For example, since the 1990s, Bulgaria has conducted a modernization campaign involving dozens of A.A. that, according to U.S. diplomats, “is based on the premise that Bulgaria faces new asymmetric security threats and non-traditional threats to its national territory.” Footnote 57 In 2011, Indonesia continued CADs with a large number of partners, including Russia, South Korea, China, Serbia and India, with the aim of “modernizing the country`s main weapons system.” Footnote 58 Modernization also includes R&D and industrial cooperation. In 2005, the Ukrainian Defense Minister argued that a DCA with Russia would exploit “the scientific and industrial potential of Ukraine and Russia” and allow “co-production agreements for defense industry companies in the development and production of armaments and military equipment.” Footnote 59 Officer exchanges and training programs are another source of military capabilities. After a deal with Australia in 2006, a Philippine defense official said, “It`s like a basketball game. We need to train with other players from other teams to learn new skills and techniques to raise the level of our game. Footnote 60 The Minister of Defence said, “In three years, we could increase the military from 45% to 70%. Footnote 61 2. The installation, stockpiling or introduction of nuclear or non-conventional weapons or their components into Spanish territory must be approved by the Spanish Government.
Differences of opinion between the Spanish Ministry of Defense and the United States Armed Forces are referred to the Standing Committee for a solution. While the influences of networks have already been documented in international relations, I expand these lessons in footnote 12 by focusing more directly on causation mechanisms. Placebo-type tests, combined with a comprehensive assessment of verifiable implications, show that the influence of triadian closure and preference loyalty varies depending on the quality of the governments` information environment, strongly indicating that network influences do indeed depend on an information mechanism. . . .