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Assessing The General Agreement On Trade In Services

It`s a marketing specialty. With the privatization of pension fund management in Chile, Chilean financial service providers have become highly developed and successful. They are now exporting pension fund management services to other Latin American countries. Similarly, Ugandan engineers are successfully exporting their expertise in water supplier management to neighbouring countries. In a slightly different approach, China has developed an effective strategy to obtain technical assistance from industrialized countries and then re-sustain this export know-how to other developing countries. Promote the benefits that service companies have of trade liberalization among government officials. In the absence of trade agreements to clarify the basic rules, service companies have continued to develop internationally by adapting and learning to manage unpredictable and often non-discriminatory regulatory frameworks. High-quality, low-cost professional services such as architecture, consulting engineering, legal research and market research. It is interesting to note that developing countries have gained an increasing share of trade in services (see table).

The fastest growth of these countries was the export of “other services”, which grew at an average annual rate of 14.3% (see table). These exports include professional services and new information technology-backed services that were still unknown a few years ago, such as design. B of websites, website management and e-commerce. Lobby for a strong position in the current round of services negotiations. Service companies can, for example, contribute to business planning: the case of the Indian software industry is also worth mentioning for the number of well-paying and challenging jobs it has created. Many development and transformation economies are facing a brain drain. Jobs in the service sector are generally skilled or highly skilled and are therefore particularly attractive to the types of workers who often migrate abroad. The promotion of a sophisticated range of financial aid specifically for the export of services, particularly for export development. As far as services are concerned, the situation is more complex: in many cases, the supplier and the customer are on the same site as for tourism. This means that there are four possibilities for movement: the service moves across the border; The customer travels across the border to get the service. The manufacturer crosses the border to provide the service through a commercial agency; or the manufacturer only crosses the border temporarily to provide the service. As a result, the GATS agreement defines four “types of supply” for trade in services (see box).

Repositioning a service branch. One of the most impressive successes is the repositioning of the Indian software industry. India`s software industry, a sector that had virtually no international presence in the 1980s, now accounts for an estimated 12% of the global custom software market. India`s software exports have grown from less than US$5 million in 1980 to more than $700 million in 1996 and are expected to reach $1 billion in 1998. Over the past ten years, export revenue growth has averaged 54% per year, compared to 33% for growth in domestic software sales. More than 600 companies participate in different types of data collection and software adaptation services. This phenomenal success is due to the availability of a large group of programmers and analysts who have graduated from the university, as well as the scrupulous adherence to international quality standards. The existence of specific commitments entails other obligations relating, among other things, to the notification of new measures having a significant impact on trade and the prevention of restrictions on international payments and transfers.