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Why Do the Dup Call It the Belfast Agreement

The multi-party agreement required the parties to “use any influence they might have” to proceed with the dismantling of all paramilitary weapons within two years of the referendums approving the agreement. The standardisation process committed the BRITISH government to reducing the number and role of its armed forces in Northern Ireland “to a level compatible with a normal peaceful society”. These included the removal of security arrangements and the lifting of special emergency powers in Northern Ireland. The Irish government has committed to a “full review” of its violations of state law. (3) The Assembly exercises full legislative and executive powers over matters currently within the competence of the six ministries of Northern Ireland, with the possibility of assuming responsibility for other matters set out elsewhere in this Agreement. Sinn Fein had challenged the flag order rejected by a Supreme Court judge on 4 October 2001.1 “Symbols and emblems of the Good Friday Agreement”, BBC News, accessed 7 February 2013, www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/schools/agreement/culture/symbols2. Northern Ireland`s restored leadership faces difficult challenges in providing basic services and tackling sectarian divisions. One of the most urgent tasks is to improve health services, which fell into crisis after the collapse of local government and have been further burdened by the COVID-19 pandemic. Nurses and other health workers went on strike in December 2019 to protest lower wages than the rest of the UK. Although many health unions have reached agreements with the government on higher wages and other demands in 2020, unions still claim that the system is on an unsustainable path. The direct London regime ended in Northern Ireland when power was formally transferred to the new Northern Ireland Assembly, the North-South Council of Ministers and the British-Irish Council when the regulations entering into force of the British-Irish Agreement entered into force on 2 December 1999.

[15] [16] [17] Article 4(2) of the United Kingdom-Ireland Agreement (Agreement between the British and Irish Governments implementing the Belfast Agreement) required both governments to notify each other in writing that the conditions for the entry into force of the United Kingdom-Ireland Agreement were fulfilled. Entry into force should take place upon receipt of the last of the two communications. [18] The British government agreed to attend a televised ceremony at Iveagh House in Dublin, the Irish Foreign Office. Peter Mandelson, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, attended early in the morning of 2 December 1999. He exchanged views with David Andrews, Ireland`s foreign minister. Shortly after the ceremony, at 10.30.m., the Taoiseach, Bertie Ahern, signed the declaration formally amending Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish Constitution. He then informed Dáil that the British-Irish Agreement had entered into force (including certain agreements additional to the Belfast Agreement). [7] [19] 1. The State may agree to be bound by the Agreement between the United Kingdom and Ireland concluded in Belfast in 1998, hereinafter referred to as `the Agreement`. In an important compromise, the parties agreed on measures to promote the Irish language, something unionists have long opposed because they fear elevating nationalist and republican culture at the expense of their own. In turn, the agreement contained provisions to promote the Ulster Scots, who are traditionally spoken of the descendants of Protestants who came from Scotland to Northern Ireland.

The negotiations were also prompted by promises from Dublin and London for more funding for hospitals, schools and other social services in Northern Ireland. The agreement provided for the establishment of an independent commission to review the provisions of the police in Northern Ireland “including ways to promote broad community support” for these arrangements. The UK government has also committed to a “wide-ranging review” of the criminal justice system in Northern Ireland. After marathon negotiations, an agreement was finally reached on 10 April 1998. The Good Friday Agreement was a complex balancing act that reflected the three-pronged approach. In Northern Ireland, he created a new devolved assembly for Northern Ireland, with the requirement that executive power be shared by the parties representing both communities. In addition, a new North-South Council of Ministers should be set up to institutionalise the link between the two parts of Ireland. The Irish Government also undertook to amend Articles 2 and 3 of the Republic`s Constitution, which claimed Northern Ireland, to reflect instead the pursuit of Irish unity by purely democratic means while recognising the diversity of identities and traditions in Ireland.

Finally, an Island Council should be created recognising the “totality of relations” within the British Isles, including representatives of both governments and decentralised institutions in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. .